White Patches and Spots on The Skin: Causes and Remedies
White patches on the skin-conditions are quite common these days. Different people tend to express different types of skin conditions, most of which show symptoms relating to irregular discoloration of the skin surface.
Some of the most common skin conditions that people tend to suffer exhibit themselves in the form of white patches and spots on the skin surface. White patches on the skin, according to scientists, occur in situations where the skin proteins and dead skin cells get trapped beneath the skin surface, thereby causing loss of pigmentation.
White patches on the skin
In most cases, however, the white patches on one’s skin surface are not considered as a health threat. It does, however, cause one to feel particularly uncomfortable, especially since they stand out of the rest for having discolored skins.
Of particular concern, though rare, are cases where the skin discolorations may turn contagious. Often, however, white patches on the skin surface normally occur as a result of the body’s reaction to various allergens.
What causes white spots on skin?
There are two major causes of white spots on the skin surface:-
a) Allergic Reactions
• Exposure to weather-based allergies
One of the key contributory factors to white discolorations on the skin surface is the exposure to various weather elements for which one is allergic to.
Changes in environmental weather conditions that are directly exposed to the skin surface may interfere with the natural growth of yeast found under the skin surface.
The interference thereof causes the skin to change its pigmentation on different parts of the body leading to white-colored patches.
White patches on the skin
Research has revealed that hot weather combined with having an oily skin surface and excessive sweating is a major contributory factor that leads to the development of white patches on skin caused by interference of yeast growth.
This condition particularly affects individuals who change their environments such as travelers and tourists who visit different countries.
It is a rash that appears on the skin, causing irritation and redness, and may be accompanied by the appearance of some white spots.
• Exposure to Latex
Some people are normally allergic to rubber latex products such as balloons and rubber gloves. Although this type of allergy is uncommon, it is estimated that between 5 and 10% of all healthcare workers have such an allergy.
When the rubber products come in contact with one’s skin, an allergic reaction ensues leading to dryness, itching, and scaling of the skin surface. This type of allergic reaction is particularly common among children and leads to white patches on exposed parts of the body such as hands, face, and legs.
• Exposure to UV radiation
Sun allergies may cause white spots to appear on skin after sun exposure.These patches caused by the sun
White patches and spots on the face are particularly common among adolescents and have been determined to be caused by various exposures to numerous allergens.
White spots on skin after sun exposure
One of the key allergens that cause white spots on the face is when one is exposed to UV radiation from the sun or similar UV such as the rays produced by tanning beds. This causes the skin to develop white, round, and flat patches; a condition that scientists term as idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis
b) NON-Allergic Reactions
- Vitiligo : Scientists have also uncovered other skin whitening condition known as vitiligo characterized by loss of skin color during an individual’s mid ages. Dark skin owners are affected by this condition more than the owners of light skin.
- Hypoglycaemia: It is a pallor in some areas of the skin, and a change in color.
- Morphia: In this case, the skin becomes hardened, thicker, red spots appear on the arms and legs, gradually turning to white.
- Skin damage: It is due to exposure to burns, laser hair removal, skin infections and other things, leading to the appearance of white spots that can be removed.
- Colored Tinea: These are spots that appear as a result of fungus and dandruff in the head, and may extend to the shoulders and neck, showing lighter or darker patches of skin color.
- Pityriasis alba : In this case, the spots appear only in children before they reach puberty. These are red patches that turn over time into white spots. They differ from vitiligo in that they are not white, and there may be some crusts around them.
Treatment and Remedies
White patches on the skin can be quite uncomfortable to live with. It is even more uncomfortable when the white spots become itchy as they may tend to spread all over the body.
It is, therefore, important to understand how to get rid of the white spots on the face naturally, and when to see a doctor for hospital-based medication.
• Natural remedies
Research has shown that there are various natural remedies that can suitably treat white patches on the skin.
Natural Remedies For Curing White Spots On The Skin
- Turmeric: A mixture of turmeric and mustard oil, for example, has been established to be a potent antibacterial agent that helps kill off all bacteria and fungi which commonly cause the white spots. This remedy is particularly suitable for dry white patches that can sometimes be itchy.
- Coconut oil has also been established as a good agent for soothing and healing white itchy spots on the skin surface while also helping to rehydrate a dried skin surface.
- Other agents such as basil and ginger, when topically applied or extracted and ingested, help to revitalize the skin surface while killing any infectious agents.
- Ginger: It is one of the most effective treatment methods, where you can make a juice by mixing it with lemon and water, and drink twice a day, or by rubbing the areas containing the patches with a small fresh piece from it.
- Honey: Honey works as an antifungal agent for bacteria and fungi. The skin can be washed, dried thoroughly, then place the fresh honey on the affected areas and left to be completely absorbed.
- Aloe vera gel you can apply it on affected areas 2 times daily, this will help cure the skin damaged from the sun .
• Medical Remedies
When it comes to white spots on skin surfaces on areas of the body such as the back where one can hardly see, it is important to visit a medical dermatologist who would conduct the appropriate lab tests to determine the type of infectious agent or causative factor of the white pigmentation.
Common conditions such as tinea versicolor and vitiligo are normally easily treated with topical and oral treatment options.
Most topically applied creams and ointments are normally comprised of antifungal agents and antibacterial substances to help kill off any bacterial infections.
Examples of creams commonly prescribed include:-
- Ciclopirox cream
- Ketoconazole cream
Doctors also tend to prescribe shampoos that contain extracts of plants that are known to offer antimicrobial properties.
Examples of antifungal shampoos commonly prescribed include:-
- Ketoconazole shampoo
- Selenium sulphide shampoo
Scientists have also come up with appropriate over-the-counter medications, primarily antifungal in nature, to help control the excessive growth of yeast on the skin surface.
The topical applications and pills normally eliminate excessive colonization of the skin surface by fungi, thereby leaving the skin surface uninfected and giving it an opportunity to regain its normal pigmentation.
Examples of over the counter medications commonly prescribed include:-
- Ketoconazole pills
• Lifestyle change-based remedies
White patches on the skin
In addition to the treatment, patients are often advised on various things that they need to abstain from such as visiting climates that may cause the destabilization of the skin’s biological processes.
This is particularly important as it helps prevent relapses of white patches on the skin due to different allergies and triggers.
Among the key things to avoid include:-
- Excessive heat ,try to wear a cap when going under the sunlight and light colored clothing
- Overexposure to sunlight or tanning beds UV rays
- Too much sweating
- Exposure to latex